CATARACT CARE SERVICES
When the lens in your eye becomes cloudy, the light reaching the retina is blurred and distorted and your vision is affected then this clouded lens is called a cataract which must be removed for vision to be restored. A clouded lens can be compared to a window that is frosted or "fogged" with steam. Cataracts are treated as a surgical procedure that has become a fairly common practice in India. The two most common types of cataracts are: cortical cataract and a posterior sub capsular cataract. Centre of Excellence for Topical Clear Corneal Phacoemulsification - Where Man meets the Machine. Painless, Precise and Brief procedure that takes hardly 5 mts. The ease of personalised surgery which is absolutely painless, the speed of recovery of vision and fast healing which involves just 3 days, after which the patients can return to their normal routine - this is our emphasis. We provide the best of services and only of its kind available for any type of cataract - be it in the most advanced state or even on complicated cataracts, which lack lens support (post trauma). With precision settings concerning implant power calculation, finest of techniques with the best and world class machinery.
1. How Is Cataract Detected?
A cataract may be detected by your optometrist or family doctor. It is important that a thorough eye examination is performd by your optometrist or eye specialist to ensure that there are no other causes for your blurry vision.
2. How Fast Does A Cataract Develop?
How fast a cataract develops varies among individuals and may even vary between eyes. In younger people and people with diabetes cataracts may progress rapidly over a few months. However, most age-related cataracts progress gradually over a period of years.
3. When Should A Person With A Cataract Have Surgery?
Cataract surgery is usually considered when loss of vision begins to interfere with daily activities or affect your quality of life. Based on the specific symptoms, a patient and his/her surgeon should decide together when surgery is appropriate.
4. How Is A Cataract Treated?
During the early stages of a cataract, a change in glasses may improve the clarity of vision, though this is usually temporary. When cataracts begin to interfere with daily activities, surgical removal is the only effective treatment.
5. Is Cataract Surgery Permanent?
Yes. It is not possible to get another cataract once it has been removed. However, approximately 10% of patients may become aware of a gradual blurring of vision some months or even years after the surgery due to thickening of the lens capsule that supports your artificial lens. If this occurs, clear vision is usually restored by a simple laser treatment, called a capsulotomy, which can be performed during a short visit to the clinic.
6. Will I Need Glasses After The Surgery?
Most patients will require glasses for fine visual tasks although some patients can get by without them for certain activities. The design of IOL decides your need for spectacles after the surgery. Newer advanced IOL (Toric, Multifocal and Accommodative) can treat cataract and get rid of spectacle power too.
7. What If I Have Other Eye Diseases– Will Cataract Surgery Help?
There are many diseases which can affect and limit the eye's visual improvement following cataract surgery. These can be diagnosed before the operation and your eye specialist will discuss the impact of any such problems with you.
8. Does The Operation Hurt?
No. An anaesthetic is applied before surgery so that there is no pain, but some people experience slight discomfort after the surgery. The anaesthetic stops the eye from moving during the operation and your eyelids are held open by a spring, so all you have to do is lie still for the surgery. You cannot see what is happening during the operation.
9. Can Problems Occur After Surgery?
Cataract surgery is very safe and has a high success rate. However it is important to understand that complications can occur during or after the surgery. If you experience even the slightest problem after surgery, please contact your surgeon immediately..
More About Cataract Services
- Blurring vision.
- Sensitivity to light or glare. Glare from lamps or very bright sunlight; or the appearance of a halo around lights
- Double vision in one eye
- Poor night vision
- Needing brighter light to read
- Experiencing fading or yellowing of colours
- If the cloudiness is not near the center of the lens, you may not be aware that you have a cataract
Age: Most people older than 60 years have cataract.
Medical conditions: Diabetes and other systemic diseases, glaucoma, and metabolic abnormalities can cause cataract. We can work to control these causes.
Eye injuries: These are called traumatic cataract. A blow to the eye, great heat or cold, chemical injury, exposure to radiation and other injuries can lead to cataract formation. We can limit this with immediate treatment.
Ultraviolet radiation (UVA or UVB): Long-term exposure to sunlight is believed to speed the development of cataract. We can help prevent this with proper protection in your glasses.
Oral steroids and other medications: Oral steroids (such as prednisone), the gout medication allopurinol, the breast cancer drug tamoxifen, the heart medication amiodorone, and the long-term use of aspirin have also been associated with cataract. We can monitor your eyes for this.
Smoking: All studies indicate that smokers are twice as likely to develop cataract as non-smokers and that quitting can reduce the risk for developing cataract. We will try to help you with this.
These may include: A visual acuity test, to find out how clearly the person can see an object. It involves reading a list of letters from across a room.
- A-scan (Invasive ultrasound biometry): he most common use of the A-scan is to determine eye length for calculation of intraocular lens power
- A slit-lamp examination uses a microscope to inspect the cornea, the iris, the lens, and the space between the iris and the cornea
- Tonometry measures the pressure inside the eye
- A retinal examination is carried out after using eye drops to dilate the pupils
In a retinal examination, dilating the pupils provides a larger window to the back of the eyes. The specialist examines the lens for signs of a cataract, and to see how dense any clouding is.
If the impact is mild, surgical treatment may not be needed. During the early stages, stronger glasses and brighter lights may help improve vision. The following tips may help people who are not ready yet to have surgery:
- Make sure any glasses have the most accurate prescription possible
- Use a magnifying glass for reading
- Get brighter lamps for the house, such as halogen lamps
- Wear sunglasses to reduce glare on sunny days
- Avoid driving at night
Micro Incision Cataract Surgery
Micro incision cataract surgery (MICS) is an approach to cataract surgery through incision less than 1.8 mm with the purpose of reducing surgical invasiveness improving at the same time surgical outcomes.
Confirmed advantages of MICS are the control and avoidance of surgically induced corneal astigmatism and the decrease of postoperative corneal aberrations
Over the years the size of corneal incision made during cataract surgery has considerably reduced
Leading to improved visual outcome & quicker post procedure recovery for the patient
1) Requires a very small incision of about 2mm
2)Cataract is emulsified into small pieces by phacoemulsification and a foldable IOL is implanted
3) Walk-in, Walk-out procedure
4) Stitchless, bloodless, painless surgery
5) Quick healing and post-operative recovery
Is a modern cataract surgery in which the eye's internal lens is emulsified with an ultrasonic handpiece and aspirated from the eye.
Aspirated fluids are replaced with irrigation of balanced salt solution to maintain the anterior chamber. Characteristics are
1)Requires a small incision of 3.2 mm
2) Stitchless surgery
3) Cataract is emulsified and removed using an ultrasonic phacoemulsification probe
4) Foldable IOL is implanted
Are popular as they allow correction of vision for both far & near distance at the same time. It is designed so that your brain learns to select the right focus automatically. An intraocular lens (or IOL) is a tiny, artificial lens for the eye. It replaces the eye's natural lens that is removed during cataract surgery.